Fog computing for the Internet of Things: A survey

TitleFog computing for the Internet of Things: A survey
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsPuliafito, C., E. Mingozzi, F. Longo, A. Puliafito, and O. Rana
JournalACM Transactions on Internet Technology - ACM
KeywordsApplication services, cloud computing, Digital storage, Electronic services, Fog, Fog computing, Internet of thing (IOT), Internet of Things, IOT applications, Resource Constraint, Software and hardwares, Surrounding environment, Surveys, Topological proximity

Research in the Internet of Things (IoT) conceives a world where everyday objects are connected to the Internet and exchange, store, process, and collect data from the surrounding environment. IoT devices are becoming essential for supporting the delivery of data to enable electronic services, but they are not sufficient in most cases to host application services directly due to their intrinsic resource constraints. Fog Computing (FC) can be a suitable paradigm to overcome these limitations, as it can coexist and cooperate with centralized Cloud systems and extends the latter toward the network edge. In this way, it is possible to distribute resources and services of computing, storage, and networking along the Cloud-to-Things continuum. Assuch, FC brings all the benefits of Cloud Computing (CC) closer to end (user) devices. This article presents a survey on the employment of FC to support IoT devices and services. The principles and literature characterizing FC are described, highlighting six IoT application domains that may benefit from the use of this paradigm. The extension of Cloud systems towards the network edge also creates new challenges and can have an impact on existing approaches employed in Cloud-based deployments. Research directions being adopted by the community are highlighted, with an indication of which of these are likely to have the greatest impact. An overview of existing FC software and hardware platforms for the IoT is also provided, along with the standardisation efforts in this area initiated by the OpenFog Consortium (OFC). © 2019 Association for Computing Machinery.